CESD Working Paper: From MDGs to SDGs in Azerbaijan: The Way to Sustainability and Inclusion

CESD Working Paper: From MDGs to SDGs in Azerbaijan: The Way to Sustainability and Inclusion

In September 2000, the United Nation Millennium Assembly took place in New York to agree on a set of global goals, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This gathering was the first undertaking to build a global partnership framework, which put the people’s needs at the forefront by ending extreme hunger and poverty, reducing child and maternal deaths, increasing education enrollment and gender equality, and ensuring the access to safe water and nutritious food all over the world till the end of 2015. The member countries have made huge progress in achieving the global goals successfully and helped millions of people out of poverty but could not have finished completely. In fact, some of them have been far from reaching the goals equally and sustainably within and across countries. To improve and complete what the former agenda could not achieve, the world leaders came together for the second round and decided on a new set of common goals – the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDG framework is a universal agenda and will frame the next 15 years of international development by creating and focusing on a coherent plan of action towards a sustainable and inclusive future. As other countries, Azerbaijan is going to adapt the SDGs to local conditions in accordance with global targets. To this end, the government created a new country specific agenda which is communicated in the key document: ‘Azerbaijan 2020: Look into the Future’. This paper will discuss the global goals from MDGs to SDGs related to Azerbaijan in a way so it would be accessible and understandable for everybody, with and without background knowledge in the economy of Azerbaijan or the global goals agenda…

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